Tuesday, January 7, 2014

American Designers

Tom Ford

Tom Ford (born August 27, 1962) is an American fashion designer. He gained international fame for his legendary turnaround of the Gucci fashion house and the creation of the Tom Ford label, becoming one of the world's most influential designers.Ford was born in Austin, Texas and grew up in Santa Fe, New Mexico, where he graduated from Santa Fe Preparatory School in 1979. After graduating from the Parsons School of Design in 1986, initially having studied architecture, he took design jobs with Cathy Hardwick and Perry Ellis.Ford believes that he owes his success not to talent, but to his energy. He admits to sleeping just two or three hours per night, keeping post-it notes beside the bed in case he wakes up with an idea.
"There are many more talented designers than me," he once told an audience at the V&A in London. "But I have a lot of drive and won't let it go." He also credits his "mainstream" appeal. "I'm lucky, I have mass-market tastes," he says. "When I say I like a shoe, generally thousands of people will like it. Thank God, because I would have been a very unhappy person if I hadn't had this kind of success." But others see it quite differently, saying that Ford's secret is the combination of a fine commercial sensibility and a genuine feel for fashion: in his former role at Gucci, he designed shoes, watches, luggage and men's and womenswear as well as planning the company's advertising campaigns and overseeing the development of their two new fragrances, Envy and Rush.

In 1990, Ford was hired by Gucci's then creative director Dawn Mello as chief women's ready-to-wear designer, and later appointed design director. When, in 1994, Gucci was acquired by a Bahrain-based investment firm called Investcorp, Ford was promoted to creative director and moved to Milan with his partner, journalist Richard Buckley. In his first year at the helm, he was credited with putting the glamour back into fashion introducing Halston-style velvet hipsters, skinny satin shirts and car-finish metallic patent boots.Ford completely revamped Gucci's image replacing the minimalism of the early 1990s with updated retro looks that oozed sex appeal. In 1995, he brought in French stylist Carine Roitfeld and photographer Mario Testino to create a series of new, modern ad campaigns for the company. By 1999, the house, which had been almost bankrupt when Ford joined, was valued at about $4.3 billion.

In April 2004, Ford parted company with the Gucci group after he and CEO Domenico de Sole, who is credited as Ford's partner in the success story that is Gucci, failed to agree with PPR bosses over creative control of the Group. His final show for YSL was a celebrity-studded affair as fans, including fellow designers Diane von Furstenberg, Valentino, Oscar de la Renta, Karl Lagerfeld and Stella McCartney gathered to support and celebrate Ford's work. Having made no secret of the fact that he didn't expect to be designing forever, Ford was rumoured to be making a beeline for Hollywood when his Gucci reign came to an end.He later directed  the film A Single Man, his stunning debut as a director. A Single Man won wide critical acclaim, garnering Firth an Academy Award nomination for Best Actor and Ford an Independent Spirit Award nomination for Best First Screenplay.

Ford’s highly sexualized take on sixties and seventies silhouettes has been, in part, responsible for his astounding success. But there’s more to him than just a visionary designer. He is also a charismatic salesman, a ruthless brand executive, an innovative art director, and a canny marketing guru . . . all rolled into one. And it was precisely this skill for multitasking, as well as a meticulous attention to detail—and, let’s face it, a clear case of control-freakism—that set Gucci (and later the Tom Ford brand) on its path to world domination.On multiple occasions, George Clooney has stated his fondness for Ford's menswear designs. The Tom Ford line now covers Menswear, Beauty, Eyewear, and both Men and Womens' Accessories. Ford's first 'Tom Ford' flagship store opened on April 12, 2007 at 845 Madison Avenue in New York City. The store carries his new, high level luxury menswear, including suits, ties, shirts, knitwear, outerwear, accessories, luggage and small leather goods. The clothing is exclusive to the Madison store and additional Tom Ford stores are planned to open in London, Milan, Tokyo and Los Angeles by the start of 2008. 

In May 2005, Ford was awarded the André Leon Talley Lifetime Achievement Award from the Savannah College of Art and Design. In 2002, received the Council of Fashion Designers of America Accessory Designer of the Year Award for Yves Saint-Laurent. In 2001, Ford received the Council of Fashion Designers of America Womenswear Designer of the Year Award. In 2000, Ford was named Best International Designer at the first VH1/Vogue Awards in New York. In 1995, Ford received the Council of Fashion Designers of America International Award.

                              Ford's Collection(Gucci and Tom Ford brand)

 Calvin Klein

A modern interpretation of classic Calvin Klein, the line is a mix of feminine and masculine details that echo the heritage of the brand. The updated classic silhouettes create a seamless collection that offers a perfect mix of a career and casual elements, making Calvin Klein an ideal wardrobe-building line. 
Calvin Klein has been presenting collections for 30 years. He is a most devout modernist, a believer in form-follows-function thinking. Each season his models walk down the catwalk in clothes created as a quiet protest against fashion's outlandish theatricality.
He has never dabbled in beaded headgear, animal headdresses, rubber cocktail dresses. So no matter what Gaultier or Galliano are showing, he keeps his palette defiantly muted, his lines aggressively clean, and his style grounded in reality.  His aim is understanding sophistication using luxurious fabrics like silk, suede and cashmere. He uses no fussy detail and uses sober colours that appeal to both men and women. He often takes elements of a man's wardrobe and tailors them for women.His jeans is famous around the globe.
Calvin Klein in an Interview

                                                           Calvin Klein's Collection

Ralph Lauren

Lauren is an American designer and business executive, best known for his Polo Ralph Lauren line. From socks to paint, from bedsheets to gold-lamé screen-goddess gowns, the world has bought—and bought and bought—into Lauren's vision of the good life. What the boy from the Bronx began in 1967 as a collection of fashionably wide ties under the Polo label, he has nurtured into a billion-dollar public company by reimagining the traditional emblems of various iconic elites—not just the WASP aristocracy but also the English country house set as seen through the lens of golden-age Hollywood, the American cowboy, and so on.His designs blend romance, innovation and tradition with inspirations that travel across time and culture: African safaris, British aristocracy, Parisian café life, Old Hollywood, the Western frontier, Russian revolutionaries, Native American cultures, Eastern prep schools(i.e Ivy League clothes) and competitive sports.Simple yet elegant cuts , top quality fabric,with classic colour contrasts make him the easy choice of man across globe. Ralph Lauren's vision of American style prevails with classic grace and utmost attention to detail. His success lies in his ability to sell a thorough bred image to the masses.Today along with Giorgio Armani he is the most successful and richest fashion designer.

Ralph Lauren
People ask how can a Jewish kid from the Bronx do preppy clothes? Does it have to do with class and money? It has to do with dreams.”  
–Ralph Lauren

                                                           Ralph Lauren's Collection

Caroline Herrera

Herrera is a Venezuelan designer and an aristocrat. Turning out refined day looks and eveningwear since 1981, the house of Herrera specializes in classic shapes. Sleek, chic and glamorous. Evening dresses and gowns in moiré satin, sweeping ball skirts paired with crisp white cotton shirts and broadtail cocktail dresses. For day, trumpet skirts and 1940’s tweed suits. stitched up in soigné silk faille and jacquard, luxurious taffeta and mink.She also designs clean elegant menswear.Carolina Herrera gives women  true elegance .Carolina Herrera is renowned for luxury, exclusivity, sophistication and elegance in the world of fashion which encompasses accessories, fragrance, cosmetics and clothing.
Carolina Herrera

Herrera's Collection

Donna Karan

Karan is an American is a one-woman powerhouse who has made New York uptown dressing her signature. Her aim when she started out in 1985 was to dress women in comfort, to liberate them from the confines of Eighties power suits Karan’s first collection included practical mix-and-match separates that accentuated a woman’s curves. Her name became synonymous with the New York look and created a trend-setting, all-black palette for ready-to-wear. She’s also credited with popularizing the bodysuit. 
                                                                 Donna's Collection

 Marc Jacobs

Marc Jacobs
Born April 9, 1963 in New York City, Marc Jacobs held an early interest in fashion, working as a stock boy at Charivari, a NYC clothing boutique while attending the High School of Art and Design. He graduated in 1981 and quickly enrolled at the Parsons School of Design. Not one to be held back, Jacobs had already designed and sold his first collection (of hand-knit sweaters for Sketchbook) before he had graduated from Parsons.

Marc Jacobs at Perry Ellis:

After graduation, Jacobs landed a job at Perry Ellis, who had awarded Jacobs with their coveted Gold Thimble award while he was still at Parsons. Jacobs' tenure there was short-lived, however as he was dismissed after creating a 'grunge' collection that was not in line with the Ellis aesthetic.
Not deterred, Jacobs pressed on and teamed with Robert Duffy to start designing his own creations. Though he no longer worked for Perry Ellis, he would soon be bestowed with another award bearing the now-deceased legend's name, the The Council of Fashion Designers of America (CFDA) Perry Ellis Award for New Fashion Talent.In the fall of 1993, Jacobs Duffy Designs Inc. launched their own licensing and design company: Marc Jacobs International Company, L.P.In 1994, Jacobs produced his first full collection of menswear. In the spring of 2001, Jacobs introduced his secondary line, Marc by Marc Jacobs.

Marc Jacobs at Louis Vuitton:

By 1994, Jacobs had designed his own full collection of menswear, his first. French fashion house Louis Vuitton took notice, hiring Jacobs to be their Creative Director, a title he has held since 1997.Within ten years of his appointment at Louis Vuitton, Jacobs had quadrupled the company's profits, turning what was solely a luggage firm into a global fashion powerhouse. Collaborations with the likes of Steven Sprouse, Julie Verhoeven, Takashi Murakami and Richard Prince created highly coveted cult pieces.
The iconic Louis Vuitton
He has sought treatment for alcohol and drug addiction twice, first in 1999 and again in 2007 following a relapse. "It's a cliché, but when I drank I was taller, funnier, smarter, cooler," Jacobs told New York Magazine in 2005. "I would come into work and fall straight to sleep, and then I would tell everyone to come in on a Saturday because we were behind, and then I wouldn't show up."
MARC JACOBS International Company
In June 2011, he was awarded the CFDA's prestigious Geoffrey Beene Lifetime Achievement prize. As of 2011 the CFDA had crowned Jacobs Womenswear Designer of the Year three times, Accessory Designer of the Year four times and Menswear designer of the Year once.
The year 2012 marked 15 years as creative director at Louis Vuitton for Jacobs. It was announced that an exhibition of his work for the French fashion house would be staged at Les Arts Décoratifs in Paris from March 2012 until September 2012. He has said the curation of the exhibition was "emotional": "I guess some places I got very emotional just thinking about what the circumstances were when we were doing some things, remembering certain anecdotes or stories, situations, and where we were," he told the International Herald Tribune in February 2012.

Jacobs is as famous for his advertising and social life as he is for his clothes. Using such irreverent stars in his campaigns as child actress Dakota Fanning, director Sofia Coppola, R.E.M. frontman Michael Stipe and actress Chloe Sevigny.
Some of these choices have fueled free advertising for his lines, catching the interest of people around the world and helping keep sales crisp. This success in turn led to the creation of boutiques bearing his name, seemingly making the Marc Jacobs machine unstoppable.
In October 2013, after the Spring - Summer 2014 show, it was revealed that Marc Jacobs will leave Louis Vuitton to focus on his own line.

                                            Marc Jacob's Collection for Louis Vuitton

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